Bosch, Carl

Bosch, Carl
SUBJECT AREA: Chemical technology
b. 27 August 1874 Cologne, Germany
d. 26 April 1940 Heidelberg, Germany
German industrial chemist who developed the industrial synthesis of ammonia.
Bosch spent a year as a metalworker before studying chemistry at Leipzig University, obtaining his doctorate in 1898. The following year, he entered Badische Soda-, Anilin Fabrik (BASF), the leading German manufacturer of dyestuflfs. Between 1902 and 1907 he spent much time investigating processes for nitrogen fixation. In 1908 Fritz Haber told BASF of his laboratory-scale synthesis of ammonia from its constituent elements, and in the following year Bosch was assigned to developing it to the industrial scale. Leading a large team of chemists and engineers, Bosch designed the massive pressure converter and other features of the process and was the first to use the water gas shift reaction to produce the large quantities of hydrogen that were required. By 1913 Bosch had completed the largest chemical engineering plant at BASF's works at Oppau, and soon it was producing 36,000 tons of ammonium sulphate a year. Bosch enlarged the Oppau plant and went on to construct a larger plant at Leuna.
In 1914 Bosch was appointed a Director of BASF. At the end of the First World War he became Technical Adviser to the German delegation at the peace conference. During the 1920s BASF returned to its position of pre-eminence in high-pressure technology, thanks largely to Bosch's leadership. Although increasingly absorbed in administrative matters, Bosch was able to support the synthesis of methane and the hydrogenation of coal tar and lignite to make petrol. In 1925 BASF merged with other companies to form the giant IG Farbenindustrie AG, of which Bosch became Chairman of the Managing Board. His achievements received international recognition in 1931 when he was awarded, with F. Bergius, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for high-pressure synthesis.
1932, Über die Entwicklung der chemischen Hochdruckindustrie bei der Aufbau der neuen Ammoniakindustrie.
Further Reading
K.Holdermann, 1953, Carl Bosch, Leben und Werk.
See also biographical memoir in Chemische Berichte 190 (1957), pp. xix–xxxix.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bosch, Carl — (1874 1940)    chemist and industrialist; helped create IG Far ben.* Born in Cologne, he was a nephew of the industrialist Robert Bosch.* He studied metallurgy and engineering before taking a doctorate in chemistry at Leipzig. In 1909, as a… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Bosch, Carl — ▪ German chemist born Aug. 27, 1874, Cologne, Germany died April 26, 1940, Heidelberg  German industrial chemist who developed the Haber Bosch process for high pressure synthesis of ammonia and received, with Friedrich Bergius (Bergius,… …   Universalium

  • Bosch , Carl — (1874–1940) German industrial chemist Born in Cologne, Germany, Bosch was trained as both metallurgist and chemist and gained his doctorate under Johannes Wislicenus at Leipzig (1898). He joined the large German dyestuffs company, Badische Anilin …   Scientists

  • Bosch — Carl …   Scientists

  • Carl Bosch — (1931) Carl Bosch (* 27. August 1874 in Köln; † 26. April 1940 in Heidelberg) war ein deutscher Chemiker, Techniker, Industrieller und Vorstandsvorsitzender des Chemiekonzerns I.G. Farben. In der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus war er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Wurster — (* 2. Dezember 1900 in Stuttgart; † 14. Dezember 1974 in Frankenthal (Pfalz)) war ein deutscher Chemiker und Wehrwirtschaftsführer. Leben Wurster, Sohn eines Stadtpolizeirats, verbrachte seine Schulzeit in Stuttgart. Nach dem Abschluss seines… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Goerdeler — Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, 1925 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler (* 31. Juli 1884 in Schneidemühl, Provinz Posen; † 2. Februar 1945 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Jurist, nationalkonservativer Politiker und Widerstandskämpfer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Friedrich Goerdeler — Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, 1925 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler (* 31. Juli 1884 in Schneidemühl, Provinz Posen; † 2. Februar 1945 in Berlin Plötzensee) war ein deutscher Jurist, nationalkonservativer Politiker und Widerstandskämpfer gegen den …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl-Bosch-Gymnasium — Schulform naturwissenschaftliches und musisches Gymnasium Ort Ludwigshafen Land …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Bosch Museum Heidelberg — Carl Bosch Museum in Heidelberg Das Carl Bosch Museum Heidelberg zeigt als Technikmuseum auf über 300 m² und zwei Außenflächen Leben und Wirken des Heidelberger Nobelpreisträgers Carl Bosch (1874 1940). Das im Schloss Wolfsbrunnenweg gelegene… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Bosch — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Carl Bosch (n. Colonia, 27 de agosto de 1874 † Heidelberg, 26 de abril de 1940) fue un químico e ingeniero alemán galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Química del año 1931. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”